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7 Tips for Writing a Synthesis Essay You Should Remember for the Guaranteed Success

What is a synthesis paper? A synthesis essay or paper is a written discussion drawing on multiple sources or just one source. Therefore, the skills for writing this type of essay would depend on your ability or skills to infer the relationships that exist among sources – articles, essays, fiction, as well as non-written sources like observations, interviews and lectures. Well, writing synthesis is not completely different from writing research papers.

So, if you have written or can write research papers, then you can also write synthesis with the correct lit review structure. Academic synthesis requires making explicit, the relationships inferred among your sources.

The Purpose

tips for writing a synthesis essay

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The essence of this type of academic paper is to establish connections between multiple works or parts of a work, and ultimately supporting and presenting a claim regarding a topic.

Synthesis essays are categorized into various types;

  • Argumentative Synthesis
  • Background/Explanatory Synthesis
  • Review Synthesis

Structure of a Synthesis Essay

When it comes to synthesis essay structure, endeavor to adopt a more creative structure in presenting your thesis. Your structure should be as elaborate as possible, especially if the paper is not intended for an AP test.

In that case, you can adopt one or more of the following approaches:

  • Summary: This is the least sophisticated – simplest method of summarizing one after the other, the most relevant sources used. However, this approach has a weakness of revealing little or nothing when it comes to your own thought or input.

But, its greatest strength is that it solidifies your paper in specific as well as relevant evidence. This approach can be both sophisticated and useful when you adopt it in a selective and judicious manner, and combine it with other methods.

  • Illustration/ example: This approach could be a comprehensive summary, recount, or direct quote curled out of your source, and it provides main support for the writer’s independent point of view. If the paper calls for it, you can engage multiple illustrations or examples. However, the examples should not overshadow the supporting evidences for your paper.
  • Multiple reasons: The method of using two or more reasons for your synthesis can be a very effective development technique. This is how it works; simply present the thesis and provide reasons for the truthfulness of the statement.
  • Straw man: This approach enables you to present an argument contrary to the argument you presented in your thesis, and subsequently reveals the flaws and weaknesses of the counter-argument.
  • Concession: This method of writing a synthesis essay is similar to the straw man approach. The difference is that the concession method acknowledges the counter-argument’s validity and at the same time shows the superior strength of the original argument. It’s a good approach to present papers to an audience with the opposing perspective or viewpoint.
  • Compare and contrast: The approach compares similar features and contrasts discrepancies between two sources or subjects in order to portray the facets of the sources or subjects in question.

synthesis essay writing advice

Expert Tips and Advice for Writing a Synthesis Paper

  • Consider the goal: You should consider the purpose you intend to achieve with the writing. So, you should carefully read the topic assignment. It is the purpose of the writing that would shape how you approach your sources.
  • Choose your sources: Choose and read through your sources carefully, keeping your goal in view. Read the sources again and make a mental note of each source in the process. Spot the segments or aspects of the sources that would aid in the fulfillment of the paper’s purpose. Underline or label key terms, main ideas, as well as other useful details that would be useful for your thesis while reading.
  • Formulate your thesis: The next step is to formulate your thesis, which is the main idea you intend to portray in your paper. You must express it as a complete sentence and it should feature a statement of the topic as well as your own assertion regarding the topic. Your thesis statement could be the first or last sentence of your first paragraph. Here’s a synthesis essay introduction example.
  • Determine how to use your sources: How can you fulfill your purpose with the ideas and concepts contained in your source materials? Read the sources all over and pen down ideas or pieces of info that would be most suitable in developing and supporting your thesis.
  • Come up with an organization plan: You should do this in line with your thesis. See the structure of a synthesis essay detailed above. The plan would help you have an order for presenting your material in a way that shows the connections between the sources.
  • Create the first draft: Use your organizational plan to create your synthesis essay’s first draft. However, you should allow flexibility with your plan, so that you can give room to integrate fresh ideas that would come up as you write. However, the new ideas should not disrupt the logic or flow of your thesis.
  • Document your sources: It’s time to document the sources used for your synthesis. The MLA-style in-text citations are standard methods for crediting your sources. You should also adopt Works Cited list for your literature review synthesis.
  • Revise your work: Where applicable, insert signal phrases and transitional words. Ensure that all phrases are well integrated to flow seamlessly within the sentences. When making distinctions between your own ideas and ideas from your sources, you should use attribution phrases. Use the right phrases to prove the argument. Ensure your synthesis paper reads clearly, logically and smoothly from start to finish.

Finally, you should also check for punctuation and spelling errors, as well as grammatical correctness.

Final piece of advice; consider getting expert writer for your synthesis essay that know how to write a compare and contrast paper increase your chances of guaranteed success.

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